Understanding Evolution

Introducing the arthropods

Chances are that you are interacting with arthropods on a daily basis — in your garden, in a nearby stream, in your home, on your dinner table, and perhaps even on your pet! Arthropods abound!
wasp beetle
spider scorpion
crab centipede
Arthropods include many familiar groups such as insects, spiders, scorpions, crustaceans and centipedes.

All of the animals pictured here (and many more!) are arthropods. In fact, more than 83% of all described animal species are arthropods. In this investigation, you will delve into the evolutionary history of arthropods to find out how they have evolved over time. You will learn what traits arthropods inherited from their common ancestor, how arthropods got their start over 500 million years ago, and how their lineage has diversified in some ways and been constrained in others.

But first, let's find out what arthropods are up to today. In the next few pages, you'll get a taste of the enormous variety that arthropods have evolved. Arthropods are found all over the world and make their livings in all sorts of ways.

 

View this article online at:
http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/arthropods_intro_01

Wasp photo © Alex Wild; Ladybug photo provided by Albert P. Bekker © California Academy of Sciences; Spider photo © 2004 Joyce Gross; Scorpion photo © 1993 Wolfgang Wuster; Pelagic red crab photo © 2004 Shane Anderson; Centipede photo provided by the Department of Entomology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Understanding Evolution © 2015 by The University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley, and the Regents of the University of California