Peripatric speciation (1 of 5)
Only a few fruit fly larvae survived the journey from the mainland to colonize the island.
Peripatric speciation (3 of 5)
These small differences, which are rare on the mainland, drift to fixation in the small population on the island over the course of a few generations (i.e., the entire island population ends up having these genes).
Peripatric speciation (4 of 5)
As the island population grows, the unique reproductive features on the island result in a cascade of changes caused by sexual selection. These changes optimize, or at least improve, the fit of male and female genitalia to one another and female sensitivity to nuances of the mating ritual. Flies also experience natural selection that favors individuals better suited to the climate and food of the island.