Around 10,000 years ago, two-thirds of Earth’s large mammals blipped out of existence. Mammoths, mastodons, sabertoothed cats, and many other species from all over the world went extinct. Despite investigating many possible causes, biologists have yet to find a smoking gun revealing the culprit behind the disappearances. But that doesn’t necessarily mean that we are missing something. Extinction can be, well … complicated. Perhaps we haven’t been able to identify a single main trigger for the extinctions because several causes acted together. A new study takes this possibility seriously and untangles the interacting factors behind large mammal extinctions in Southern California at the end of the last Ice Age.