In addition to showing respect for other living organisms on our planet, we should care about biodiversity because it benefits humans in the following ways:
- Genes: Wild animals and plants are sources of genes for hybridization and genetic engineering.
- Biological control agents: Some species of living things help us control invasive species without the use of poisons.
- Food sources: Animals, plants, mushrooms, etc.
- Natural products: Many of the medicines, fertilizers, and pesticides we use are derived from plants and animals. We also get products such as oils, adhesives, and silk from natural sources.
- Environmental services: We rely on plants and animals for important processes such as soil aeration, fertilization, and pollination.
- Enjoyment: Biodiversity is often the subject of aesthetic interest.
- Scientific interest: The diversity of plants and animals inspires scientific inquiry in many different realms. Evolutionary science, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology are only a few examples.
- Self-perpetuation: Biologically diverse ecosystems help to preserve their component species, reducing the need for future conservation efforts targeting endangered species.
- Future potential for even more uses: With new discoveries to come, there will be many more practical reasons to appreciate biodiversity!